UK nuclear site hacked by Russian & Chinese hackers

Dec 05 2023

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Welcome to Gone Phishing, your daily cybersecurity newsletter that thinks cybercriminals hacked our Advent calendar ????????????

Today’s hottest cybersecurity news stories: 

  • ☢️ UK nuclear site hacked by Russian & Chinese hackers ????‍????

  • ⚠️ Microsoft warns that CACTUS is back via malvertising ????

  • ???? Group of UEFI flaws named logoFAIL expose devices ????

Seriously, Chernobylshit ????

???? UK's Sellafield Nuclear Site Hacked by Russia and China-Linked Cyber Groups ????

In a shocking revelation, a decade-long cyber breach at Sellafield, the UK's most hazardous nuclear site, has come to light. ???? Cybersecurity failings, potentially compromising activities like moving radioactive waste, have been covered up by senior staff, raising concerns about national security. ????

The breach, dating back to 2015, involves sleeper malware embedded in Sellafield's networks, with uncertain eradication status. The facility, sprawling 6 sq km on the Cumbrian coast, holds the world's largest plutonium store. ????????

Sellafield's failure to alert regulators for years has hindered quantifying data loss and ongoing risks. ???? The site, under "special measures" for cybersecurity, faces potential prosecution.

Labour's Ed Miliband calls for urgent government action, highlighting the seriousness of this report on critical energy infrastructure. ????????

Concerns include insecure servers (dubbed Voldemort), external contractors' unsupervised access, and inadvertent BBC broadcast of secure login details.

⚠️ Cyber threats from Russia and China pose significant risks, leading to heightened alerts from GCHQ. The Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR) urges improvements, with potential new systems at the emergency control center.

Sellafield, vital for the UK's nuclear industry expansion, costs £2.5bn/year to operate. Decommissioning, a massive undertaking, is estimated at £263bn, a fiscal risk according to the Office for Budget Responsibility. ????????

Sellafield assures multiple cybersecurity layers and collaboration with regulators. ONR emphasises ongoing investigations and high cybersecurity standards.

The Department for Energy Security and Net Zero assures public safety, acknowledging historical issues and expecting regular updates on improvements. ????️????

Stay informed and secure! ????????

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Microsoft: Watch out for Operation Desert Storm ????????????

???? Alert: New Wave of CACTUS Ransomware Attacks! ????

Microsoft issues a warning about the latest cyber threat—CACTUS ransomware attacks! ???????? These attacks use malvertising lures to deploy DanaBot, a multifunctional tool acting as an entry point for next-stage payloads. ????????

The Microsoft Threat Intelligence team reveals that DanaBot infections lead to hands-on-keyboard activity by ransomware operator Storm-0216 (Twisted Spider, UNC2198), culminating in the deployment of CACTUS ransomware. ????️????

UNC2198, known for deploying Maze and Egregor ransomware, has previously used QakBot infections for initial access. The shift to DanaBot likely stems from a coordinated law enforcement operation in August 2023 that took down QakBot's infrastructure. ????️‍♂️????

The ongoing Danabot campaign, observed since November, uses a private version of the info-stealing malware. ???????? Credentials harvested by the malware are sent to an actor-controlled server, enabling lateral movement via RDP sign-in attempts and granting access to Storm-0216. ????????

This alert follows recent CACTUS ransomware attacks exploiting vulnerabilities in Qlik Sense and the discovery of a new macOS ransomware called Turtle, written in the Go programming language. Stay vigilant, update security measures, and protect your systems! ????️????

???? Catch of the Day!! ????????????

???? The Motley Fool: “Fool me once, shame on — shame on you. Fool me — you can't get fooled again.” Good ol’ George Dubya ???? Let us tell who’s not fooling around though; that’s the Crüe ???? at Motley Fool. You’d be a fool (alright, enough already! ????) not to check out their Share Tips from time to time so your savings can one day emerge from their cocoon as a beautiful butterfly! ???? Kidding aside, if you check out their website they’ve actually got a ton of great content with a wide variety of different investment ideas to suit most budgets ???? (LINK)

???? Wander: Find your happy place. Cue Happy Gilmore flashback ????️⛳????????️ Mmmm Happy Place… ???? So, we’ve noticed a lot of you guys are interested in travel. As are we! We stumbled upon this cool company that offers a range of breath-taking spots around the United States and, honestly, the website alone is worth a gander. When all you see about the Land of the free and the home of the brave is news of rioting, looting and school shootings, it’s easy to forget how beautiful some parts of it are. The awe-inspiring locations along with the innovative architecture of the hotels sets Wander apart from your run of the mill American getaway ????️???? (LINK)

???? Digital Ocean: If you build it they will come. Nope, we’re not talking about a baseball field for ghosts ???????? (Great movie, to be fair ????). This is the Digital Ocean who’ve got a really cool platform for building and hosting pretty much anything you can think of. If you check out their website you’ll find yourself catching the buzz even if you can’t code (guilty ????). But if you can and you’re looking for somewhere to test things out or launch something new or simply enhance what you’ve got, we’d recommend checking out their services fo’ sho ???? And how can you not love their slogan: Dream it. Build it. Grow it. Right on, brother! ???? (LINK)

logoFAILArmy ????

????️ Security Alert: LogoFAIL Vulnerabilities Found in UEFI Firmware! ????

A critical security flaw dubbed LogoFAIL has been discovered in the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) code used by various independent firmware/BIOS vendors. ???????? These vulnerabilities pose a significant risk, allowing threat actors to bypass Secure Boot, Intel Boot Guard, and other security technologies embedded in the firmware.

LogoFAIL can be exploited to inject a malicious logo image file into the EFI system partition during the boot phase, leading to persistent malware delivery and compromise of the system's security. ???????? The vulnerabilities, affecting both x86 and ARM-based devices, involve heap-based buffer overflow and out-of-bounds read flaws in image parsing libraries.

Notably, this attack vector doesn't break runtime integrity like previous threats, such as BlackLotus or BootHole. However, it raises concerns as it can give attackers a stealthy advantage in bypassing endpoint security solutions and deploying persistent firmware bootkits. ????????

Major firmware vendors like AMI, Insyde, and Phoenix, along with devices from Intel, Acer, Lenovo, and others, are affected, making LogoFAIL a widespread and severe issue. Stay tuned for details to be revealed at the upcoming Black Hat Europe conference. ????????

????️ Extra, Extra! Read all about it!

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So long and thanks for reading all the phish!

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